Updated: Dec 16, 2022
For reading and reflection.
Conscientiousness and Academic Performance
"While research indicates that cognitive ability is one important determinant of academic success (Ackerman & Heggestqad, 1997), cognitive ability alone may be unable to account for the variation evident in university students’ academic performance (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2006). In fact, studies indicate that measures of cognitive ability may not predict academic performance at higher levels of education (Ackerman, Bowen, Beier, & Kanfer, 2001;
Furnham, Chamorro-Premuzic, & McDougall, 2003). Reasoning that cognitive ability may
reflect what a student can do, whereas personality traits may reflect what a student will do
(Furnham & Chamorro-Premuzic, 2004), researchers have recently turned attention to
understanding how personality traits are related to academic success."
"Of the Big Five personality traits, only conscientiousness has consistently been associated
with academic achievement (Noftle & Robins, 2007; O’Connor & Paunonen, 2007). "
Associations Between Grit, Motivation, and Achievement in High School Students
"The perseverance of effort component of grit was more strongly correlated with
self-efficacy, task values, and goal orientations than was consistency of interests. When
controlling for motivational variables, perseverance of effort emerged as a significant predictor of end-of-semester grades, but consistency of interests did not. However, self-efficacy was a stronger predictor of grades than either of the grit components. Together, these results suggest that grit is distinct from future oriented motivation, and that perseverance of effort is more strongly associated with motivation and achievement than is consistency of interests for high school students."