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Research Articles

Updated: Dec 16, 2022

For reading and reflection.

What Shall We Do About Grit A Critical Review 2018
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Incremental effects of reward on experienced performance pressure - Positive outcomes for
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Conscientiousness and Academic Performance

"While research indicates that cognitive ability is one important determinant of academic success (Ackerman & Heggestqad, 1997), cognitive ability alone may be unable to account for the variation evident in university students’ academic performance (Chamorro-Premuzic & Furnham, 2006). In fact, studies indicate that measures of cognitive ability may not predict academic performance at higher levels of education (Ackerman, Bowen, Beier, & Kanfer, 2001;

Furnham, Chamorro-Premuzic, & McDougall, 2003). Reasoning that cognitive ability may

reflect what a student can do, whereas personality traits may reflect what a student will do

(Furnham & Chamorro-Premuzic, 2004), researchers have recently turned attention to

understanding how personality traits are related to academic success."

"Of the Big Five personality traits, only conscientiousness has consistently been associated

with academic achievement (Noftle & Robins, 2007; O’Connor & Paunonen, 2007). "

Conscientiousness and Academic Performance
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Associations Between Grit, Motivation, and Achievement in High School Students

"The perseverance of effort component of grit was more strongly correlated with

self-efficacy, task values, and goal orientations than was consistency of interests. When

controlling for motivational variables, perseverance of effort emerged as a significant predictor of end-of-semester grades, but consistency of interests did not. However, self-efficacy was a stronger predictor of grades than either of the grit components. Together, these results suggest that grit is distinct from future oriented motivation, and that perseverance of effort is more strongly associated with motivation and achievement than is consistency of interests for high school students."

Associations Between Grit, Motivation, and Achievement in High School Students(1)
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